These are some possible influences in dystopian fiction:
The first use of the term dystopia by John Stuart Mill in a parliamentary speech.
Thomas Edison, an American inventor, introduces the electric bulb, and this technological development will serve as inspiration for dystopian and
1880 The electric chair is introduced in USA.
Guglielmo Marconi introduces the telegraph. It represents an important landmark in the evolution of communication and information technology.
Radioactivity is discovered by Henri Becquerel.
The publication of H. G. Well's novel War of The World, the first novel on an alien invasion on Earth.
The first modern dystopias, The Story of The Days to Come and When The Sleepers Wakes by H. G. Well's are published.
The first successful flight in an aeroplane is performed by the Wright brothers.
A manifesto of Filipo Tommaso Marinetti, the Italian poet, introduces Futurism, controversial art movement.
The European powers engage in the Great War, the first industrialized war.
For the first time, the German army uses chemical weapons in the battle.
A revolution in Russia.
The Bauhaus school, that will influence art and design in a futuristic direction, is founded in Germany.
The publication of Yevgeni Zamyatin's We, the first totalitarian dystopia.
The Fascists seize power in Italy, implementing the first truly totalitarian system that USSR will follow.
The first successful television transmission, that will introduce the most effective mean of mass propaganda and mass marketing, is conducted by John
Premire of the first serious science fiction and dystopian movie Metropolis, directed by Fritz Lang.
Aldous Huxley's Brave New World was published. This novel introduces themes of scientific concepts: designer drugs, cloning and conditioning.
The Spanish Civil War. The introduction of barbarian war methods by Fascists, such as air raids against civilian targets in Guernica, where more than
one million people die.
The beginning of Stalin's terror era in USSR, which lasts until 1953.
Radio adaptation of The War of the World by Orson Welles.
World War II
The Holocaust, The first industrial genocide in human history, is outlined in the Wanzee conference.
USA constructs the first nuclear reactor for military purposes.
For the first time, USA uses nuclear weapons against human populations in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The foundation of the United Nations, the first truly global piece organization.
ENIAC, the first official electronic computation machine, is completed in USA. EDSAC, the first real computer, is completed in Great Britain in 1949.
The publication of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.
The philosophical foundation of artificial intelligence is defined by Alan Turing, called Turing Test.
The introduction of the heart pacemaker.
The structure of DNA is unraveled by Watson and Crick
Ray Bradbury's dystopian satire Fahrenheit 451 is published.
Sputnik I, the first man-made satellite, is launched by USSR .
The publication of Harry Harrison's over population dystopia Make room, make room
The performance of the first heart transplant operation.
Stanley Kubrick's and Arthur C. Clark's 2001: A Space Odyssey, that advances the artificial intelligence.
The publication of Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?.
The first expedition on the moon, Apollo 11 is implemented by USA.
The construction of the first primitive computer network in USA, this will entail the internet, the first global computer network.
Stanley Kubrick's movie A Clockwork Orange is released.
The construction of the Soviet Salyut 1, the first space station.
The first personal computer, Altar 800 is produced. That will influence the cyberpunk movement.
A fundamentalist revolution in Iran.
Ridley Scott's horror movie Alien is released.
A new disease, AIDS (although yet not knew by this name)is recognized in USA.
The release of Ridley Scott's Blade Runner.
The publication of William Gibson's Neuromancer.
James Cameron's The Terminator is released.
Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale is published.
The fall of the Berlin Wall.
Internet is practically accessible to the public thanks to graphical user interfaces.
The Matrix by the Wachowski brothers is released.
The largest terrorist attack in New York.